Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on improving specific behaviors in individuals with developmental disabilities, such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Athens, Georgia is home to several clinics that offer ABA therapy services to children and adults with ASD.
The goal of ABA therapy is to help individuals with ASD learn new skills and behaviors, while also reducing problematic behaviors. ABA therapy is based on the principles of behaviorism, which suggest that behavior is learned through the environment and can be modified through positive reinforcement.
ABA therapy typically involves one-on-one sessions between a therapist and the individual with ASD. During these sessions, the therapist will work with the individual to identify specific behaviors that need to be improved, and will develop a plan to teach new skills and behaviors.
The therapist will use a variety of techniques to reinforce positive behaviors, such as praise, rewards, and positive feedback. They may also use negative consequences, such as time-outs, to discourage problematic behaviors.
ABA therapy is highly individualized, and the specific techniques used will depend on the needs and goals of each individual. Some common techniques used in ABA therapy include discrete trial training, which involves breaking down complex skills into small, manageable steps, and naturalistic teaching, which involves teaching skills in the context of everyday activities.