Proven Behavior Intervention Plan Examples

Uncover effective behavior intervention plan examples and strategies for children with autism.

reuben kesherim
Ruben Kesherim
July 7, 2024

Proven Behavior Intervention Plan Examples

Understanding Behavior Intervention Plans

Behavior Intervention Plans (BIPs) are crucial tools in managing challenging behaviors, particularly in children with autism. They serve as a guide to treatment, ensuring consistent responses to behaviors, and are the foundation for effective behavior management strategies.

Importance of Behavior Strategies

Positive behavior strategies play a pivotal role in understanding and addressing disruptive behaviors. According to Understood, these strategies encourage viewing behavior as a form of communication. Each behavior sends a message about what a student needs. By understanding the message behind the behavior, caregivers and educators can provide better support for students.

A Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP) is essentially a blueprint for changing behavior. Its primary function is to guide treatment and ensure consistent responses to behaviors [1]. The plan includes interventions selected based on the hypothesized or demonstrated function of the behavior, with the primary intention of reducing challenging behaviors.

Behavior as Communication

Understanding behavior as a form of communication is a fundamental aspect of effective behavior management. Each child's behavior, particularly in children with autism, is an expression of their needs, emotions, and reactions to their environment.

For instance, a child might display disruptive behavior when they find it hard to express their feelings verbally or when they're exposed to an overwhelming environment. In these scenarios, the child's behavior is a form of communication, conveying their discomfort or distress.

A well-constructed BIP takes these factors into account. It begins with a thorough understanding of the child's behavior – the 'why' behind the behavior – and uses this understanding to develop strategies that can help address the child's needs more effectively.

In this context, a behavior intervention plan for autism operates on the principle of understanding the child's behavior as a communication tool and developing strategies that respond to these communication cues effectively. For more details on the structure and development of a BIP, refer to our behavior intervention plan template.

Understanding behavior as communication is the first step towards creating an effective BIP. It lays the foundation for developing strategies that not only address the problematic behavior but also meet the child's needs in a more constructive and supportive manner. By doing so, we can promote growth and progress in children with autism, aiding their journey towards a more fulfilling and independent life.

Development of Behavior Intervention Plans

Creating effective behavior intervention plans (BIPs) involves two crucial steps: conducting a Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA) and outlining the components of the BIP. Both of these steps are vital in managing challenging behaviors and promoting positive behavioral changes.

Functional Behavior Assessment

An FBA is a comprehensive evaluation used to identify the reasons behind a child's challenging behavior. According to Understood, classroom teachers can work with other school staff to conduct an FBA, an essential step in creating an appropriate behavior intervention plan for students.

Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), schools are required to conduct an FBA if a child's behavior impacts their learning, the learning of others, or puts their placement at risk [1].

The assessment process involves observing and recording the child's behavior in different settings and situations. This can help identify patterns and triggers for the behavior and uncover the purpose or function of the behavior. The FBA will also provide valuable insights into the child's strengths and interests, which can be used to motivate and engage them in the intervention process.

Components of a BIP

A Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP) is essentially a blueprint for changing behavior. It provides a structured approach to treatment and ensures consistent responses to problematic behaviors. There are several key components that should be included in a comprehensive BIP:

  1. Behavior Description: This section should describe the problematic behavior using observable and measurable terms, making it clear what behavior is being targeted for change.
  2. Function of Behavior: Based on the results of the FBA, this section should identify the purpose or function of the problematic behavior. This could be to seek attention, avoid a difficult task, or serve some other purpose.
  3. Intervention Strategies: This section should outline the specific strategies that will be used to address the identified behavior. This could include teaching new skills, modifying the environment, or changing the way adults respond to the behavior.
  4. Success Criteria: This section should define what successful behavior change will look like. It should specify the desired behavior and how often it should occur.
  5. Monitoring Plan: This section should outline how progress will be tracked and who will be responsible for gathering data.
  6. Review Dates: This section should specify when the plan will be reviewed to assess its effectiveness and make any necessary adjustments.

The initial section of the Positive Behavior Support Plan summarizes the findings of the FBA, describes interfering behaviors using observable language, and includes an ABC analysis detailing what commonly occurred before and after the interfering behavior. It also provides a potential hypothesis/theory as to why the student engages in the interfering behaviors, helping to develop potential solutions.

When implemented effectively, a BIP can be a powerful tool for promoting positive behavior change. However, it's important to remember that each child is unique, and what works for one child may not work for another. Therefore, BIPs should be individualized and flexible, with regular reviews and adjustments as needed. For more information on BIPs, refer to our behavior intervention plan definition and behavior intervention plan template.

Positive Behavior Support Strategies

Positive behavior support strategies serve as an integral part of a successful behavior intervention plan. These strategies are founded on evidence-based, proactive approaches aimed at transforming challenging student behavior. By viewing behavior as a form of communication, these strategies focus on understanding the message behind the behavior, thereby allowing for better support for students [3].

Proactive Strategies

Proactive strategies are preventative in nature, aiming to address potential behavior problems before they occur. These strategies often involve setting clear expectations, providing consistent routines, and teaching appropriate behaviors.

Examples of proactive strategies include:

  • "When-then" strategy: This strategy sets a clear expectation for the student. For instance, "When you finish your math assignment, then you can play with your favorite toy."
  • Pre-correcting and prompting: Teachers can remind students of the expected behavior before they engage in a potentially challenging situation. This pre-correction can help students make better behavior choices.
  • Nonverbal signals: Nonverbal cues, such as hand signals or visual cards, can be used to communicate expectations without interrupting the flow of activities.
  • Brain breaks: Short breaks during learning activities can help students refocus and reduce frustration.

For more examples and detailed strategies, check out our behavior intervention plan strategies.

Reactive Strategies

While proactive strategies aim to prevent challenging behaviors, reactive strategies are used to respond when such behaviors occur. These strategies should be respectful, aiming to help the student regain control and return to the task at hand.

Examples of reactive strategies include:

  • Redirection: If a student is engaging in an inappropriate activity, teachers can redirect them towards a more appropriate task.
  • Time-out: A short break from the activity or environment can help students calm down and refocus.
  • Teaching alternative behaviors: Instead of simply telling a student what not to do, it's more effective to teach them what they should do instead.

These behavior support strategies form the backbone of a behavior intervention plan. A well-structured behavior intervention plan template can help educators effectively implement these strategies, thereby promoting positive behaviors and reducing the occurrence of challenging behaviors. It's important to remember that any intervention plan should be developed based on a thorough Functional Behavior Assessment and should include measurable behavior goals to assess the effectiveness of the interventions.

Data Collection for Behavior Interventions

Data collection is a critical part of the process when creating a behavior intervention plan. By collecting and analyzing data, you can identify patterns and trends in behavior, allowing you to create a more effective intervention plan. Two common data collection methods used in behavior intervention planning are ABC Analysis and Baseline Data Collection.

ABC Analysis

The ABC model (Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence) is a widely-used method for understanding and analyzing behavior. This approach involves identifying the antecedents (events that occur before the behavior), the behavior itself, and the consequences (events that occur after the behavior). The aim is to understand the cause and effect of behaviors, which can help in formulating effective support plans [4].

Collecting data using the ABC model involves observing and recording occurrences over several sessions. This allows you to identify patterns and develop a hypothesis about the function of the behavior [5].

For example, if a child consistently avoids completing a task (Behavior), you would observe what happens before the avoidance behavior (Antecedent) and what happens after (Consequence). This data can then help inform your behavior intervention plan for autism.

Baseline Data Collection

Baseline data serves as a starting point for your intervention plan. This data should be collected over three to five observational periods before implementing an intervention to ensure a representative sampling of the behavior. The same data collection procedures should be repeated after the intervention to compare the effectiveness of the intervention.

For instance, to understand the extent of off-task behavior during independent writing assignments, baseline data was collected for a student named David. The data indicated that David was off-task 75% of the time during these assignments [5].

Data collection for behavior interventions need not occur throughout the entire day; it can be focused on specific periods when the behavior is more likely to occur, such as during independent reading time. Additionally, data may be collected on replacement behaviors as well [5].

Collecting and analyzing data is an essential step in the development of a behavior intervention plan. By understanding the antecedents and consequences of a behavior, you can develop strategies that effectively address the behavior. For more information on creating a behavior intervention plan, you can refer to our behavior intervention plan template.

Implementation of Behavior Intervention Plans

Understanding and creating a Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP) is only part of the process. Implementing the strategies laid out in the plan is the next crucial step in managing challenging behaviors. This involves employing specific teaching strategies and continuously monitoring progress to ensure the success of the intervention.

Teaching Strategies

The teaching strategies used in a BIP are carefully selected to guide treatment and ensure consistent responses to behaviors. These strategies are proactive and evidence-based, aimed at altering challenging student behavior. Some examples of positive behavior strategies include pre-correcting, prompting, and using nonverbal signals [3].

The final piece of the Positive Behavior Support Plan/Behavior Intervention Plan details the implementation of each component. This section should specify where, when, by whom, and how the student will be taught new skills. It also outlines the consequences for using replacement skills and engaging in interfering behaviors, reinforcing positive behavior outcomes.

For more examples of strategies and a comprehensive guide on creating a BIP, refer to our behavior intervention plan template.

Monitoring and Progress Tracking

Once the BIP is in place, continuous monitoring and progress tracking are essential. These steps allow for adjustments to be made to the plan as necessary, ensuring it remains effective and relevant to the student's needs.

One method used in tracking behavior is the ABC model (Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence). This approach involves identifying the antecedents that trigger the problem behavior, the behavior itself, and the consequences that maintain the behavior. Conducting an ABC analysis involves collecting data over several sessions to identify patterns and develop a hypothesis about the function of the behavior.

Monitoring and progress tracking are continuous processes. Regular assessment allows for adjustments and changes to be made to the BIP, ensuring it remains effective in managing and altering challenging behaviors.

Implementing a BIP is a dynamic process, requiring dedication and consistent effort from teachers, caregivers, and other school staff. By employing appropriate teaching strategies and regularly monitoring progress, the chances of success for the behavior intervention plan increase. Furthermore, understanding the principles behind these plans, as detailed in our section on behavior intervention plan definition, can help in their successful implementation.

Effective Behavioral Strategies

In order to effectively manage and improve behaviors, specifically in children with autism, certain behavioral strategies are employed. These strategies, often part of a comprehensive behavior intervention plan, are designed to promote positive behaviors and discourage negative ones. In this section, we will look at two popular strategies: The Check-in/Check-out Method and the PBIS Reward System.

Check-in/Check-out Method

The Check-in/Check-out Method was the most commonly used behavioral strategy in 2020 [6]. This method aims to help students improve behavior by discussing behavioral expectations and performance with a teacher, mentor, or educator at the beginning and end of each day. The discussions provide opportunities for feedback, goal setting, and reinforcement of positive behaviors.

An experimental study showed significant improvements in classroom behaviors for students who received this intervention. The Check-in/Check-out Method can be customized to fit the individual needs of a student and can be incorporated into a comprehensive behavior intervention plan for autism.

PBIS Reward System

The PBIS Reward System, also known as a Token Economy, is another frequently used behavioral strategy [6]. This system provides positive reinforcement to encourage desired behaviors in students.

The PBIS Reward System involves rewarding students with tokens or points for displaying positive behaviors. These tokens can then be exchanged for rewards or privileges. It is essential to focus on rewarding only positive behaviors and eventually phase out the need for physical rewards as students realize the broader effects of their positive behaviors.

This system can be quite effective for children with autism, as it provides immediate feedback and reinforcement for positive behaviors. The PBIS Reward System can be an integral part of a behavior intervention plan strategies designed to promote and reinforce positive behaviors.

By implementing effective behavioral strategies such as the Check-in/Check-out Method and the PBIS Reward System, educators and caregivers can help children with autism develop positive behaviors and achieve their full potential. For a guide on creating a comprehensive and individualized plan, refer to our behavior intervention plan template.